What is Solid Waste Management?
Solid waste management is a collection of activities and practices aimed at controlling the collection, transport, processing, recycling, and disposal of solid wastes. This includes the reduction of generation of solid waste by reducing consumption and enhancing product design for easy reuse, repair, or recycling. In a short way, Solid Waste Management is the process of planning for, managing, and treating solid waste. The term “solid waste” includes all discarded items, including garbage, industrial waste, sewage sludge, and abandoned construction material. Solid wastes can be categorized as municipal solid waste (MSW), also called urban solid waste or domestic refuse, or industrial solid waste (ISW), which is a by-product of mining, construction, agricultural, and manufacturing activities.
In general terms, solid waste management is the control of the collection, treatment, and disposal of solid materials that are discarded by humans. It has been defined as “the control of potential environmental problems which result from the storage or disposal of municipal or household wastes together with an understanding of the effects of these activities on human health.” This definition contains elements of three different aspects: environmental impact; health concerns; and social concerns (including aesthetics).
Process of Solid Waste Management
Solid waste management is the process of handling, treating, and disposing or recycling waste materials. This includes the collection, transport, transfer, recycling, recovery, and disposal of solid wastes as well as monitoring and regulation of the process. It refers to the practices and policies of managing solid waste from its inception to its final disposal by the municipality or private contractors. Solid waste management is aimed at minimizing the environmental impact of used materials that are disposed of as well as maximizing the resource recovery value (economically).
The primary methods of managing solid waste are disposal (landfill techniques) and resource recovery (recycling). The waste hierarchy refers to a set of steps for dealing with waste in order to minimize environmental impacts. At the top of this hierarchy is reduction followed by reuse, recycling, and recovery (including energy recovery). These options are preferred because they provide more environmental benefits than landfilling or incineration which generates more toxic by-products.
How To Register A Waste Management Company
Today’s waste management companies are responsible for keeping our communities clean and safe. They keep our streets free of litter, they keep our water clean, and they even help with recycling programs that allow us to turn our garbage into usable materials again.
The first step in starting your own waste management company is understanding all the requirements that are required by law when you register as a business with your local government office. If you don’t do this properly, you could end up facing fines.
It is important to understand the steps involved with registering your business.
- Decide on a name for your business. This may be the name that you plan to use when doing business or it can be an assumed name to protect your privacy when conducting transactions as an individual.
- Choose a location for your business that meets all zoning requirements and has adequate space for storage and office space if needed.
- Determine what type of entity you want to form for your business; this includes whether it will be a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation among other options available depending on the state where you live and how many partners or shareholders you have.
How To Get Waste Management License
A solid waste management license is a mandatory requirement for any person who wants to deal with waste materials. The license should be obtained from the respective Municipal Corporation/Panchayat Samiti concerned.
Waste Management Licence is issued by the concerned authority after conducting an inspection of your premises, where the waste management activities are carried out.
List of the documents required for Waste Management Licence
- A covering requisition letter stating the status of the industry and activities clearly.
- Copy of attested Sale Deed /Lease Deed
- In the case of a public/private sector firm, a copy of the attested Memorandum of Articles, or a registered partnership deed in the case of a partnership company.
- Layout plan
- Auditor’s Certificate
- The consent fee is payable to the Board under the Water and Air Acts.
- Groundwater clearance and Sewage Treatment Plant (STP)
Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules
The rules were framed to provide for better management of municipal solid waste in cities and towns. The rules come into force with immediate effect.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has issued the rules to manage municipal solid waste (MSW) across the country. These regulations will ensure that only segregated garbage is processed at the composting plants, thereby making it easier to recycle them. These rules will also help in reducing pollution caused by the burning of mixed waste.
The salient features of these rules include:
- All states and union territories will have to prepare an integrated state-level plan for solid waste management within three years from the date of notification of this rule.
- Every urban local body will have to prepare a draft plan for solid waste management within one year from the date of notification of this rule.
- Every municipal corporation or municipal council or municipal committee shall adopt a policy for procurement of dry waste collection equipment including composting plants and enter into agreements with private parties for its operation and maintenance under their supervision as per terms and conditions specified in the agreement.
Municipal Solid Waste Management Consultants
A municipal solid waste management consultant is a professional who has experience in this area and can provide advice on how to improve an existing plan or develop a new one from scratch. The consultant will work with the client to establish their requirements and then apply them to their current legal framework so that they can achieve their goals without breaking any laws or incurring unnecessary expenses during their transition period. You can connect with corpseed for consultation.
Municipal Solid Waste Management Consultant Responsibilities
The main responsibility of a municipal solid waste management consultant is to provide advice on how best to manage municipal solid waste within their given region or country. This includes providing recommendations on where new facilities should be built, how much money should be spent on them, what types of equipment should be used for collection and transportation purposes, where landfills should be located, what kind of equipment should be used for compaction.